CHAPTER 905

Sidewalks and Driveways

905.01 Supervising sidewalk construction.
905.02 Permit for sidewalk construction.
905.03 Information for permit.
905.04 Fee.
905.05 Issuance of permit.
905.06 Specifications for concrete sidewalks.
905.07 Specifications for concrete curbs.
905.08 Access by handicapped.
905.99 Penalty.

CROSS REFERENCES

Sidewalks and gutters - see Ohio R.C. 729.01 et seq.
Riding bicycles on sidewalks - see TRAF. 373.18
Sidewalk obstructions - see GEN. OFF. 517.04
Duty to keep sidewalks in repair and clean - see GEN. OFF. 517.06
Openings in sidewalks - see S.U.& P.S. 901.02 et seq.


905.01 SUPERVISING SIDEWALK CONSTRUCTION.
It shall be the duty of the Director of Public Service to supervise the construction of all sidewalks within the City.
(Ord. 2398. Passed 10-19-57.)


905.02 PERMIT FOR SIDEWALK CONSTRUCTION.
No person shall construct or lay a sidewalk, a driveway across a sidewalk, or improve an existing sidewalk when the improvement calls for a breaking of a pavement on any public street in the City, without first securing from the Director of Public Service a permit to do so. The Director of Public Service shall require all of the aforementioned construction to be concrete.
(Ord. 581. Passed 5-6-71.)


905.03 INFORMATION FOR PERMIT.
The application for a permit shall contain a statement showing the location of such proposed sidewalk or driveway and the name and address of the owner of the abutting premises. Separate permits must be obtained for each piece of property involved.
(Ord. 2398. Passed 10-19-57.)


905.04 FEE.
The fee for issuing such permits shall be two dollars ($2.00) for each permit.
(Ord. 2398. Passed 10-19-57.)


905.05 ISSUANCE OF PERMIT.
The issuance of such permit shall authorize the necessary reasonable use of sidewalk or street space for the deposit of material needed for the construction or repair, subject to any rules or regulations governing such temporary deposits of material.
(Ord. 2398. Passed 10-19-57.)


905.06 SPECIFICATIONS FOR CONCRETE SIDEWALKS.

(a) Width of sidewalks shall not be less than four feet, except in areas where the right of way is of insufficient width to permit full width construction, sidewalks may be three feet in width. Walks of greater width may be constructed, but no blocks shall exceed forty square feet or less than twenty square feet.

(b) Subgrade shall consist of a six-inch base of gravel, slag or broken stone, thoroughly tamped and dampened to the satisfaction of the Engineer before any concrete is placed. The forms shall be smooth, free from warp and of sufficient strength to prevent springing out of line, and of a depth to conform to the depth of the finished sidewalk. Forms shall be well staked, thoroughly braced and properly and accurately set to the established line and grade, with their upper edges conforming to the proper finished surface.

(c) Concrete used in the construction shall be 1-2-3 mix ratio; transit mixed, composed of air-entrained Portland cement, clean sharp sand and coarse aggregate of gravel. The largest of aggregate shall be not more than three-fourths inch size. The use of bituminous concrete for sidewalk construction is forbidden.

(d) Concrete shall be four inches in depth, except where any sidewalk crosses a driveway, then the concrete shall be a minimum of six inches in depth.

(e) The sidewalk shall have 6x6/10 welded wire fabric placed in the center for the full width and two-inch clearance at the front and the back edge of the sidewalk.

(f) In general, walk surface shall be a slope transversely toward the curb, of not less than one-fourth inch to the foot to facilitate drainage. Where new walk joints old construction, enough of old walk must be removed to make a safe, smooth transition.

(g) Excavated material for walks shall be hauled from the street or adjoining walk as soon as removed.

(h) The concrete shall be properly tamped against the forms and screened to a true surface. The surface shall be finished with a wood float, care being taken to thoroughly compact the concrete, and the wearing surface when finished shall have a moderately rough surface. On steep grades the surface shall be roughened by brooming as required by the Engineer. Working with a steel float on the final wearing surface finish is expressly prohibited. All edges of the slab shall be finished to a radius of three-eighths of an inch. The application of dry cement to hasten drying of the surface is strictly forbidden.

(i) (1) A non-extruding expansion joint, one-half inch thick and full depth of concrete, shall be placed at intervals not to exceed twenty feet and where walk joins old construction. Contraction joints shall be placed at five foot intervals between expansion joints.

(2) Where a sidewalk is placed against the curb and extends to entrance steps, building foundation wall or other structure on the property line, a non-extruding expansion joint shall be placed along the existing face of foundation walls, steps or other structures adjoining new walk. New concrete shall be protected be wet burlap or other curing material for a period of three days.

(j) The walk shall be constructed to the full satisfaction of the City and under the direction of the Department of Public Service. Any flagrant disregard of the foregoing sidewalk specifications shall be just cause for removal and reconstruction of any part, or all, of the sidewalk in question.
(Ord. 1242. Passed 3-17-88.)


905.07 SPECIFICATIONS FOR CONCRETE CURBS.

(a) Concrete used in the construction of the curbs shall be 1-2-3 mix ratio; transit mixed, composed of air-entrained Portland cement, clean sharp sand and coarse aggregate of gravel. The largest of aggregate shall be not more than three-quarter inch in size. The use of bituminous concrete for curb construction is forbidden. Curbs shall be twenty inches in depth, including an exposure of six inches above the gutter line paving or gutter line grade; seven and three-eighths inches wide at the bottom and six inches wide at the top with the back or walk side plumb. Curbs shall be constructed to the lines and grades as established by the Service Director and subject to the approval and inspection of the Service Director.

(b) Curbs must be constructed as independent curbs. Monolithic curb and sidewalk may be constructed only on written permission of the Service Director. One and three-eighths inch batter must be allowed in the top six inches of the curb on the vehicular traffic side. The curb shall be of full depth of twenty inches, and a dummy joint six inches wide, cut between the curb and the sidewalk. Under no circumstances shall the top of any existing curb be removed and fresh concrete be placed thereon to save depth.

(c) The front of the curb shall have a one and one-half inch radius on the top edge. The back of the curb will have a one-half inch radius on the top edge. There shall be a three-eighths inch drop from back of curb to front of curb.

(d) Excavated material for curbs shall be hauled from the street or adjoining walk as soon as removed.

(e) Forms shall be of wood or metal, straight, free from warp, and of such construction that there will be no inteference with the inspection of the grade or alignment. All forms shall extend for the entire depth of the curb and shall be braced and secured sufficiently so that no deflection from alignment or grade will occur during the placing of the concrete. Forms shall be cleaned and oiled just prior to placing of the concrete.

(1) Forms shall be left in place for twenty-four hours unless the concrete has set sufficiently prior to that time to permit their removal without damage to the curbing. Upon removal of the forms, the exposed curbing face shall be immediately rubbed to a uniform surface. Rubbing shall be accomplished by the use of water and a wood block or carborundum brick.

(2) Immediately upon completion of the rubbing, the curbing shall be moistened and protected by wet burlap or other curing material for a period of three days.

(f) Curbing shall be constructed in sections having an approximate length of ten feet. Sections shall be separated by joints one-eighth inch wide except at expansion joints. Expansion joints shall be formed at twenty foot intervals and where joining to existing curbing using a one-half inch preformed expansion joint filler material.

(g) Curb to be constructed to the full satisfaction of the City and under the direction of the Service Director. Any flagrant disregard of the foregoing curb specifications shall be just cause for removal and reconstruction of any part, or all, of the curb in question.
(Ord. 1242. Passed 3-17-88.)


905.08 ACCESS BY HANDICAPPED.
The specifications for concrete sidewalks and curbs as set forth in this chapter shall be construed in conformity with all Federal and State requirements relating to curb and sidewalk specifications for access by the handicapped. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed as preventing the construction of special access ramps for the handicapped in conformity with Federal and State statutes and regulations.
(Ord. 1242. Passed 3-17-88.)


905.99 PENALTY.
Whoever violates any of the provisions of this chapter shall be fined not more than fifty dollars ($50.00).
(Ord. 2398. Passed 10-19-57.)


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