CHAPTER 1505

Alarm Systems

1505.01 Definitions.
1505.02 Applicability.
1505.03 Responsibility.
1505.04 Automatic fire alarm systems required.
1505.05 Supervised alarm system required.
1505.06 Supervised alarm system recommended.
1505.07 Exemptions.
1505.08 Manual fire alarm systems required.
1505.09 Automatic and manual fire alarm systems; power supply; signals
1505.10 Smoke detectors required.
1505.11 Smoke detectors; approval; power supply; new construction;
               visual and audible signals required; transfer of property.
1505.12 Effective date; compliance date.
1505.13 Enforcement.
1505.99 Penalty.

CROSS REFERENCES

Automatic sprinkler equipment required for nursing and rest homes - see Ohio R.C. 3721.071
Smoke detectors required in high rise apartments and condominiums - see Ohio R.C. 3781.104; OAC 4101:2-89


1505.01 DEFINITIONS.
For purposes of this chapter, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning:

(a) "Alarm" means any audible or visible signal indicating existence of a fire or emergency requiring response and emergency action on the part of the fire fighting service.

(b) "Apartment buildings" includes buildings containing three or more living units with independent cooking and bathroom facilities, whether designated as an apartment house, tenement, garden apartment, or by any other name.

(c) "Approved" means listed and/or approved for its intended use by a nationally recognized testing laboratory listed in Appendix A of the Ohio Basic Building Code, hereinafter referred to as OBBC.

(d) "Automatic detecting device" means an approved device which automatically detects heat, smoke or other products of combustion.

(e) "Automatic fire alarm system" means a manual fire alarm system containing automatic detecting device(s) which activate a fire alarm signal of such character and so located as to alert all occupants of the building or section thereof endangered by fire.

(f) "Business buildings" includes all buildings or parts thereof which are used for the transaction of business and the rendering of professional services, or for other services that involve stocks of goods, wares or merchandise in limited quantities for use incidental to office uses or sample purposes; including, among others, offices, banks, civic administration activities, firehouses, outpatient clinics and similar establishments.

(g) "Dwelling unit" means any room or group of rooms located within a building and forming a single-family, habitable unit with facilities which are used or intended to be used for living, sleeping, cooking, storing food or eating purposes.

(h) "Factory and industrial buildings" include all buildings and structures, or parts thereof, in which occupants are engaged in performing work or labor in fabrication, assembling or processing of products or materials and shall include, among others, factories, assembling plants, industrial laboratories and all other industrial manufacturing uses.

(i) "Fire alarm equipment" includes alarms, automatic detecting devices, automatic fire alarm systems, manual fire alarm systems, and smoke detectors as defined herein.

(j) "Fire Official" means the Chief of the Division of Fire for the City of Bellaire, or an authorized designee.

(k) "Manual fire alarm system" means an interior alarm system composed of sending stations and signaling devices in a building, operated on an electric circuit, so arranged that the operation of any one station will initiate an alarm.

(l) "Mercantile buildings" includes all buildings and structures, or parts thereof, which are used for displays and sales purposes involving stocks of goods, wares or merchandise incidental to such purposes and accessible to the public; including, among others, retail stores, shops, salesrooms and markets.

(m) "One- and Two-family dwellings" includes buildings containing not more than two dwelling units in which each living unit is occupied by members of a single family with no more than three outsiders, if any, accommodated in rented rooms.

(n) "Owner" means the owner or owners of the premises, contract buyer, a mortgagee or vendee in possession, receiver, executor, administrator, trustee, lessee, or other person, firm, or corporation in control of a building, or their duly authorized agents. Any such person thus representing the owner should be bound to comply with the provisions of this chapter, to the same extent as if such person where the owner.

(o) "Public assembly buildings" include buildings which are used or designed for places of assembly as defined by the 1985 Ohio Basic Building Code, and are classified therein as ASSEMBLY- USE GROUPS: A-1-A STRUCTURES, A-1-B STRUCTURES, A-2 STRUCTURES, A-3 STRUCTURES, AND A-4 STRUCTURES.

(p) "Residential buildings" include all buildings in which sleeping accommodations are provided for normal residential purposes, and includes all buildings designed to provide sleeping accommodations. For the purposes of this chapter, residential buildings include the following: hotels and motels, apartment buildings, dormitories, lodging and rooming houses, one- and two-family dwellings.

(q) "Sleeping area" means the area or areas of the family living unit in which the bedrooms (or sleeping rooms) are located. Bedrooms (or sleeping rooms) separated by other use areas, such as kitchen or living rooms (but not bathrooms) shall be considered as separate sleeping areas for purposes of this chapter.

(r) "Smoke detector" means an approved detection device, capable of sensing visible or invisible particles of combustion and emitting an audible and/or visual signal of such detection.

(s) "Sprinkler alarm system" means an alarm activated by water flow from an automatic sprinkler system.

(t) "Required" indicates mandatory requirement.

(u) "Recommended" indicates a recommendation or that which is advised but not required.
(Ord. 1246. Passed 5-5-88.)


1505.02 APPLICABILITY.
All new and existing residential, business, assembly, mercantile, factory and industrial buildings shall provide fire alarm equipment capable of signaling the presence of a fire and notifying the occupants in danger of the fire. Such protection equipment shall be in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.
(Ord. 1246. Passed 5-5-88.)


1505.03 RESPONSIBILITY.
It shall be the responsibility of the owner of each new and existing building to comply with the provisions of this chapter.
(Ord. 1246. Passed 5-5-88.)


1505.04 AUTOMATIC FIRE ALARM SYSTEMS REQUIRED.
An automatic fire alarm system shall be installed and maintained in full operating condition in accordance with National Fire Protection Association, Standard 72A, in the following buildings:

(a) Buildings having an occupancy of hotel, motel, dormitory, lodging or rooming house.

(b) Buildings having an occupancy or use of business, mercantile, residential, factory or industrial when more than seventy-five feet above the lowest level of Fire Department access.

(c) Buildings having an occupancy or use of public assembly and have a use classification of A-1-A, A-1-B, A-2 or A-3 under the Ohio Basic Building Code and having a posted occupancy load greater than 200 persons.
(Ord. 1246. Passed 5-5-88.)


1505.05 SUPERVISED ALARM SYSTEM REQUIRED.
Supervised alarm systems are required in the following buildings:

(a) Having an occupancy or use of business, mercantile, residential, factory or industrial when more than four stories in height. (A-1, H, F, I, A-4)

(b) Factories or industrial mercantile, or any building that is listed under Use Group A.
(Ord. 1246. Passed 5-5-88.)


1505.06 SUPERVISED ALARM SYSTEM RECOMMENDED.

(a) All buildings, factories, mercantile, multi-residential and industrial storage should have a supervised system.

(b) In public assembly buildings having an occupancy load exceeding 300 persons and in all hotels and motels, regardless of occupancy capacity, the automatic fire alarm system required by this chapter shall be electronically monitored by an approved central station or proprietary monitoring system, in accordance with National Fire Protection Association standards.
(Ord. 1246. Passed 5-5-88.)


1505.07 EXEMPTIONS.
The following are exempt from the provisions of Section 1505.04.

(a) Buildings, or the portions thereof, that are protected by an approved and maintained sprinkler system, and such system is connected to a supervised system.

(b) Buildings having an occupancy of hotel, motel, dormitory, lodging or rooming house in which all rooms exit directly to the outside and in which no public corridor is provided, and the building is not more than three stories in height.
(Ord. 1246. Passed 5-5-88.)


1505.08 MANUAL FIRE ALARM SYSTEMS REQUIRED.
A manual fire alarm system shall be installed and maintained in full operating condition in:

(a) Buildings having an occupancy of apartment use when four (4) or more stories in height.

(b) Buildings having an occupancy of business, mercantile or factory and industrial use when three or more stories in height.

(c) Buildings having an occupancy of public assembly, Type A-1, A-2, A-3 use, when more than one story in height, regardless of occupant load classification.
(Ord. 1246. Passed 5-5-88.)


1505.09 AUTOMATIC AND MANUAL FIRE ALARM SYSTEMS; POWER SUPPLY; SIGNALS.
All automatic fire alarm systems and manual fire alarm systems required to be installed under the provisions of this chapter, inclusive, shall be:

(a) Equipped with an independent emergency electrical power supply consisting of approved rechargeable batteries or generators.

(b) Capable of providing a visual and audible signal of a fire condition.
(Ord. 1246. Passed 5-5-88.)


1505.10 SMOKE DETECTORS REQUIRED.
Smoke detectors shall be installed and maintained in full operation in all of the following:

(a) Hotels and Motels: In each guest room, suite or sleeping area.

(b) Lodging or Rooming Houses: In each guest room, suite or sleeping area.

(c) Dormitories: In each sleeping area.

(d) Apartments: In each sleeping area and in or near each stairway leading to an occupied area in such a manner as to assure that rising smoke cannot effectively bypass the detector before it reaches the occupied area.

(e) One- and Two-Family Dwellings: In each sleeping area and in or near each stairway leading to an occupied area in such a manner as to assure that rising smoke is not obstructed in reaching the detector and that rising smoke cannot effectively bypass the detector before it reaches the occupied area.

(f) Assembly, Business, Mercantile, Factory and Industrial Buildings: Where due to the physical arrangement of a building, the Fire Chief determines that, in consideration of the life safety of the occupants, at least one area is in such a manner as to assure that rising smoke is not obstructed in reaching the detector and that rising smoke cannot effectively bypass the detector before it reaches the occupied area.

(g) Standard for Installation: All smoke detectors required by this Section shall be installed in conformity with the National Fire Protection Association Standard #72E, 1982 Edition and/or #74, 1984 Edition.
(Ord. 1246. Passed 5-5-88.)


1505.11 SMOKE DETECTORS; APPROVAL; POWER SUPPLY; NEW CONSTRUCTION; VISUAL AND AUDIBLE SIGNALS REQUIRED; TRANSFER OF PROPERTY.

(a) All smoke detectors installed in compliance with this chapter, inclusive, shall be listed by a nationally recognized testing laboratory, as recognized in Section #1301:7-5-01(B) FM-117.2, Ohio Fire Code.

(b)  (1) All smoke detectors installed in compliance with this chapter, inclusive, shall be powered by the 110 Volt AC building electrical system; provided, however, that smoke detectors installed in one- and two-family dwellings that were constructed prior to the effective date of this chapter may be approved battery-operated detectors.

(2) Where battery-operated smoke detectors are permitted by this section, it shall be the responsibility of the owner of the property to install the required detectors, and it shall be the responsibility of the occupant of the property to maintain the battery and clean the detector per the manufacturer's guidelines so that the detector will be operative at all times.

(c) In buildings that are constructed after the effective date of this chapter where, because of the physical arrangement of an apartment or a one- or two-family dwelling, the provisions of this chapter require the installation of more than one smoke detector per dwelling unit, the required detectors shall be interconnected with each other so that activation of any one detector in the dwelling unit shall cause all required detectors to emit a signal.

(d) In buildings that are constructed after the effective date of this chapter, when the facility is to be used primarily for the housing of elderly persons, or persons with physical hearing limitations or mental disorders, all required smoke detectors shall be capable of providing a visual and audible signal of the fire condition and shall be in accordance with the National Fire Protection Association Standard #72G.

(e) Prior to the sale or transfer of title to property subject to the requirements of this chapter, the seller or transferor shall comply with the provisions hereof and shall obtain a certificate of compliance from an authorized inspector.
(Ord. 1246. Passed 5-5-88.)


1505.12 EFFECTIVE DATE; COMPLIANCE DATE.
This chapter shall become effective on the earliest date permitted by law and shall be enforced as follows:

(a) Beginning on the date this chapter becomes effective, all construction of new buildings that require the issuance of a structural building permit pursuant to the Ohio Basic Building Code shall be in compliance with the provisions of this chapter.

(b) Except for the provisions in subsection (a) hereof, full compliance with all of the provisions of this chapter as they apply to all other buildings and dwelling units shall not be enforced until July 1, 1988.
(Ord. 1246. Passed 5-5-88.)


1505.13 ENFORCEMENT.

(a) The Code Administrator shall enforce this chapter applicable to existing buildings used wholly or in part for residential purposes, where the Code Administrator inspects such buildings in the ordinary course of his duties.

(b) The Fire Chief or an authorized designee shall enforce all sections of this chapter.
(Ord. 1246. Passed 5-5-88.)


1505.99 PENALTY.
A violation of any of the provisions of this chapter shall constitute a minor misdemeanor, and each day such violation is continued shall constitute a separate offense.
(Ord. 1246. Passed 5-5-88.)


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