Off-Street Parking and Loading Regulations

1145.01 Loading space.
1145.02 Parking space
1145.03 Access.
1145.04 Floor area defined.
1145.05 Number of parking spaces required.
1145.06 Development and maintenance of parking areas.
1145.07 Modifications.
1145.08 Joint use of facilities.


Off-street parking facilities - see Ohio R.C. 717.05 et seq.
Parking generally - see TRAF. Ch. 351
Municipal parking lots - see TRAF. Ch. 355
Loading space defined - see P. & Z. 1101.04(47)
Parking space defined - see P. & Z. 1101.04(66)


(a) In any district, in connection with any building or part thereof hereafter erected or altered which is to be occupied by manufacturing, stores, warehouses, goods display, retail commercial, wholesale commercial, market, hotel, hospital, mortuary, laundry, dry cleaning or other uses requiring the receipt or distribution by truck of materials or merchandise, there shall be provided and maintained, on the same lot with such buildings, off-street loading space in accordance with the following schedule:

  Floor Area of Building     Total Number of Off-Street
  Square Feet                Loading Spaces              
  Less than 10,000           0
  10,000 to 20,000           1
  20,000 to 40,000           2
  40,000 to 60,000           3
  60,000 to 80,000           4
  80,000 to 100,000          5

When the floor area of the building exceeds 100,000 square feet the number of off-street loading spaces shall be determined by the Board of Zoning Appeals.

(b) Each loading space shall be not less than ten feet in width, twenty-five feet in length and fourteen feet in height.

(c) Subject to the limitations of subsection (d) hereof, such space may occupy all or any part of any required yard.

(d) No such space shall be closer than fifty feet to any other lot located in any R-District, unless wholly within a completely enclosed building or unless enclosed on all sides by a wall or uniformly painted solid board fence not less than six feet in height.
(Ord. 196. Passed 11-21-63.)


(a) In all districts, except B-2 districts, in connection with every industrial, business, institutional, recreational, residential or any other use, there shall be provided, at the time any building or structure is erected, enlarged or increased in capacity, off-street parking spaces for automobiles in accordance with the requirements herein.

(b) Each off-street parking space shall have an area of not less than 160 square feet exclusive of access drives or aisles, and shall be in usable shape and condition. Except in the case of dwellings, no parking area provided hereunder shall be less than 1,000 square feet in area.
(Ord. 196. Passed 11-21-63.)

1145.03 ACCESS.
There shall be adequate provision for ingress and egress to all parking spaces. Where a lot does not abut on a public or private alley or easement of access, there shall be provided an access drive not less than eight feet in width in the case of a dwelling, and not less than eighteen feet in width in all other cases, leading to the parking or storage areas or loading or unloading spaces required hereunder in such manner as to secure the most appropriate development of the property in question. Except where provided in connection with a use permitted in an R-District, such easement of access or access drive shall not be located in any R-District.
(Ord. 196. Passed 11-21-63.)

For the purposes of applying the requirements in Sections 1145.01 and 1145.02 hereof, "floor area", in the case of offices, merchandising or service types of uses, means the gross floor area used or intended to be used by tenants, or for service to the public as customers, patrons, clients or patients, including areas occupied by fixtures and equipment used for the display or sale of merchandise. It does not include areas used principally for nonpublic purposes, such as storage, incidental repair, processing or packaging of merchandise, for show windows, for offices incidental to the management or maintenance of stores or buildings, for toilet or rest rooms, for utilities or for dressing rooms, fitting or alteration rooms.
(Ord. 196. Passed 11-21-63.)


The number of off-street parking spaces required shall be as follows:

Use Parking Spaces Required
Automobile or machinery sales and service garages 1 for each 800 sq. ft. floor area
Banks, business and professional offices 1 for each 400 sq. ft. floor area
Bowling lanes 5 for each lane
Churches and schools 1 for each 8 seats in an auditorium or 1 for each 17 classroom seats; whichever is greater
Dance halls and assembly halls without fixed seats, exhibition halls except church assembly rooms in conjunction with auditorium 1 for each 100 sq. ft. of floor area used for assembly or dancing
Dwellings 1 for each family or dwelling unit
Funeral homes, mortuaries 4 for each parlor or 1 for each 50 sq. ft. of floor area
Furniture and appliance stores, household equipment or furniture repair shop of over 1,000 sq. ft. floor area 1 for each 400 sq. ft. of floor area
Hospitals 1 for each 2 beds
Hotels, lodging houses 1 for each 2 bedrooms
Manufacturing plants, research or testing laboratories, bottling plants of over 1,000 sq. ft. in area 1 for each 2 employees in the maximum working shift, or for each 1,200 sq. ft. of floor area, whichever is greater
Medical or dental clinics 1 for each 200 sq. ft. of floor area
Motels and motor hotels1 space for each living or sleeping unit Restaurants, beer parlors and night clubs of over 1,000 sq. ft. in area 1 for each 200 sq. ft. of floor area
Retail stores, shops, etc., of over 2,000 sq. ft. floor area 1 for each 150 sq. ft. of floor area
Sanitariums, convalescent homes, childrens' homes 1 for each 6 beds
Sports arenas, auditoriums, theatres, assembly halls other than schools 1 for each 6 seats
Wholesale establishments or warehouses 1 for each 3 employees on maximum shift or for each 3,000 sq. ft. of floor area, whichever is greater.

Uses Not Listed: In the case of any building, structure or premises, the use of which is not specifically listed herein, the provisions for a use which is so listed and to which such use is similar or comparable in regard to generality of parking demand shall apply.
(Ord. 196. Passed 11-21-63.)


Every parcel of land hereafter used as a public or private parking area, including a commercial parking lot and an automobile or trailer sales lot, shall be developed and maintained in accordance with the following requirements:

(a) Screening and Landscaping. Off-street parking areas for more than five vehicles shall be effectively screened on each side that adjoins or faces premises situated in any R-District or institutional premises, by a masonry wall or solid fence of an acceptable design. Such wall or fence shall be not less than four feet nor more than six feet in height and shall be maintained in good condition without any advertising thereon. In any R-District the space between such wall or fence and the nearest side lot line or the front lot line, shall be landscaped with grass, hardy shrubs or evergreen ground cover and maintained in good condition. In case the capacity of the parking area exceeds thirty vehicles, it shall be screened by a masonry wall of a height prescribed herein.

(b) Minimum Distances and Setbacks. No part of any parking area for more than five vehicles shall be closer than ten feet to any dwelling, school, hospital or other institution for human care located on an adjoining lot, unless screened by an unpierced masonry wall. If not in an R-District but adjoining such district, that part of the parking area within fifty feet of any R-District shall not be located within twenty-five feet from the established street right-of-way line.

(c) Surfacing. Any off-street parking area for more than five vehicles shall be surfaced with an asphaltic or Portland cement binder pavement so as to provide a durable and dustless surface, shall be so graded and drained as to dispose of all surface water accumulated within the area, and shall be so arranged and marked as to provide for orderly and safe loading or unloading and parking and storage of self-propelled vehicles. The foregoing requirements with respect to surfacing shall not apply to a parking area in an M-District if more than 200 feet from any R-District, except that a dustless surface shall be provided in any case.

(d) Lighting. Any lighting used to illuminate any off-street parking area shall be so arranged as to reflect the light away from adjoining premises in any R-District.
(Ord. 196. Passed 11-21-63.)

The Board of Zoning Appeals may authorize on appeal a modification, reduction or waiver of the foregoing requirements it is should find that in the particular case appealed the peculiar nature of the residential, business, trade, industrial or other use, or the exceptional shape or size of the property or other exceptional situation or condition would justify such action.
(Ord. 196. Passed 11-21-63.)


(a) Not more than fifty percent of the off-street parking facilities required under this chapter for a theater, bowling lane, dance hall or an establishment for the sale and consumption on the premises of food, alcoholic beverages or refreshments, and up to 100 percent of such facilities required for a church or an auditorium incidental to a public or parochial school, may be supplied by public off-street parking facilities or by off-street parking provided for certain other kinds of buildings or uses specified in subsection (b) hereof which are not normally open, used or operated during the principal operating hours of theaters, churches or the aforesaid establishments. Not more than fifty percent of the off-street parking facilities required under this chapter for certain buildings or uses specified in subsection (b) hereof, may be supplied by such facilities provided for theaters, churches or other aforesaid establishments, provided that a properly drawn legal instrument is executed by the parties concerned for the joint use of the off-street parking facilities, which instrument, duly approved as to form and manner of execution by the Law Director, shall be filed with the application for a building permit.

(b) Buildings or uses not normally open, used or operated during the principal operating hours of theaters, churches or other of the aforesaid establishments are defined as banks, business offices, retail stores, personal service shops, household equipment or furniture shops, clothing, shoe repair or service shops, manufacturing buildings and similar uses.
(Ord. 196. Passed 11-21-63.)

Home Page Ordinance Index